Monotheistic .org
Biblical & Middle Eastern History & Inspirational Messages

Monotheistic.org compares and contrasts the three religions of the near east: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Where do these religions converge and intersect, and how are they divergent? Go to MiddleEastFamilyTree.com Website


Judaism

The Bible emphasizes that the promise was to Isaac, not to Ishmael

"Abraham fell facedown; he laughed and said to himself, "Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?" And Abraham said to God, "If only Ishmael might live under your blessing!" Then God said, "Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year." When he had finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him." (Genesis 17:17-22)

"The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast. But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking, and she said to Abraham, "Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that slave woman's son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac." The matter distressed Abraham greatly because it concerned his son. But God said to him, "Do not be so distressed about the boy and your maidservant. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned. I will make the son of the maidservant into a nation also, because he is your offspring." (Genesis 21:8-13)

 



Christianity

Jesus Christ declared that He was the son of God:

  • Matthew 26:62-64 - Then the high priest stood up and said to Jesus, "Are you not going to answer? What is this testimony that these men are bringing against you?" But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God." "Yes, it is as you say," Jesus replied.

Jesus was Immanuel - which means "God with us". He was not just another prophet, but rather "God with us":

  • Isaiah 7:14 "Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel."
  • Matthew 1:22-23 "All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: "The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel" --which means, "God with us."

Jesus preached love and kindness:

  • Matthew 5:38-48 - "You have heard that it was said, `Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.' But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you. "You have heard that it was said, `Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.' But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect."


Islam

Mohammad declared that he was only a messenger from God:

  • Koran 3.144 - And Muhammad is no more than a messenger; the messengers have already passed away before him

Mohammad taught that God sent the Torah (Old Testament) and the Injeel (Gospels, New Testament) were given by God to Jews and Christians and that they should be read and obeyed:

  • Koran 3.3 "He hath revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture with truth, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, even as He revealed the Torah and the Gospel "
  • Koran 5.44 & 46"We [God] did reveal the Torah, wherein is guidance and a light [i.e. it is God-given book and holds the truth], by which the prophets who surrendered judged the Jews. And the rabbis and the priests (judged) by such of Allah's Scripture as they were bidden to observe." 46 "And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah."

Mohammad preached conquest and a war for God, not love or peace. Followers cannot rest until they conquer and convert the world to Islam:

  • Koran 4:74 - "Let those fight in the way of Allah who sell the life of this world for the other. Whoso fighteth in the way of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, on him We shall bestow a vast reward. "
  • Koran 9:38 "O you who believe! What (excuse) have you that when it is said to you: Go forth in Allah's way [fight], you should incline heavily to earth; are you contented with this world's life instead of the hereafter? But the provision of this world's life compared with the hereafter is but little."
  • Koran 4:101 "For the unbelievers are open enmies unto you"... 104 " and do not slacken in following up the enemy"
  • Koran 7:4 "for how many towns have we destroyed? Our punishment took them on a sudden by night or while they slept for their afternoon rest."
  • Koran 9:29 "Fight those who do not believe in Allah or the last day... nor acknowledge the religion of truth, (even if they are) of the people of the book, until they pay the jizya [tax] with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued."

 

 

Links

Inspirational Messages

MiddleEastFamilyTree.com Website